Digital Humanities Bibliography


Working Bibliography (Last updated in December 2012)

Scholarship in the Digital Age

  • Spiro, Lisa.  “Getting Started in the Digital Humanities.” Journal of Digital Humanities 1.1 (Winter 2011).
  • Amy Earhart and Dr. Andrew Jewell, The American Literature Scholar in the Digital Age
  • Borgman, Christine. Scholarship in the Digital Age: Information, Infrastructure, and the
  • Internet (MIT Press, 2009)
  • Ayers, Edward L. “The Pasts and Futures of Digital History,” Virginia Center for Digital History,
  • Drucker, Johanna. SpecLab: Digital Aesthetics and Projects in Speculative Computing. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2009.
  • McGann, Jerome J. 2005. “Culture and Technology: The Way We Live Now, What Is to Be Done?” New Literary History 36 (1): 71–82.
  • Fitzpatrick, Kathleen. Planned Obsolescence: Publishing, Technology, and the Future of the Academy. MediaCommons, 2009.

Histories and Definitions of the Digital Humanities

  • Hockey, Susan. “The History of Humanities Computing” and other selected essays in A Companion to Digital Humanities, edited by Susan Schreibman, Ray Siemens, and John Unsworth. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004.
  • Kirschenbaum, Matthew. “What Is Digital Humanities and What’s It Doing in English Departments?” ADE Bulletin 150, 2010.
  • Patrik Svensson, “The Landscape of Digital Humanities,” Digital Humanities Quarterly 4, no. 1 (Summer 2010).
  • Gold, Matthew K., Ed. Debates in the Digital Humanities. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2012.
  • Ramsay, Stephen. “On Building.” Stephen Ramsay, January 11, 2011.

Text Analysis

  • Rockwell, Geoffrey. “What is Text Analysis, Really?,” Literary and Linguistic Computing 18.2 (2003): 209-220.
  • Willard McCarty: “Finding Implicit Patterns in Ovid’s Metamorphosis with TACT”
  • Buzzetti, Dino. 2002. “Digital Representation and the Text Model,” New Literary History: 61-88.

Textual Encoding and Markup

  • Jerome McGann, Radiant Textuality (selections: pp. 1-28, 53-74, 137-186)
  • Stuart Hall, “Encoding/Decoding,” in Stuart Hall, Dorothy Hobson, Andrew Lowe, Paul Willis, eds., Culture, Media, Language, London; Hutchinson, 1980, pp. 128-138.
  • Renear, Allen H. “Text Encoding.” In A Companion to Digital Humanities, edited by Ray Siemens, John Unsworth, and Susan Schreibman. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004.
  • Cohen, Dan, and Roy Rosenzweig. “To Mark Up, Or Not To Mark Up.” InDigital History: A Guide to Gathering, Preserving, and Presenting the Past on the Web. University of Penn Press, 2005.
  • Smith, Martha Nell. “Electronic Scholarly Editing.” In A Companion to Digital Humanities, edited by Ray Siemens, John Unsworth, and Susan Schreibman. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004.
  • Mueller, Martin. Letter. “About the future of the TEI”, August 4, 2011.
  • Kenneth Price, “Edition, Project, Database, Archive, Thematic Research Collection: What’s in a Name?”
  • Text-Encoding-Initiative (TEI):
  • Allen H. Renear. “Text Encoding,” in: A Companion to Digital Humanities

Hypertext and Code

  • Lessig, Lawrence. Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace, version 2.0. Basic Books, 2006.
  • McGann, Jerome J. “The Rationale of Hypertext.” In Radiant Textuality: Literature After the World Wide Web, 53-74. New York: Palgrave, 2001.
  • Hayles, N. Katherine. “Speech, Writing, Code: Three Worldviews.” In My Mother Was a Computer: Digital Subjects and Literary Texts, 39-61. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2005.

Google and the Future of Books

Archive, Database, and Digital Storage

  • Vannevar Bush, “As We May Think” (1945).
  • Manoff, Marjorie. “Theories of the Archive from Across the Disciplines.” portal: Libraries and the Academy 4, no. 1 (January 2004): 9-25.
  • Folsom, Ed. “Database as Genre: The Epic Transformation of Archives.”PMLA 122, no. 5 (October 2007): 1572-79.
  • Freedman, Jonathan, N. Katherine Hayles, Jerome McGann, Meredith L. McGill, Peter Stallybrass, and Ed Folsom. “Responses to Ed Folsom’s ‘Database as Genre: The Epic Transformation of Archives’.” PMLA 122, no. 5 (October 2007): 1580-1612.
  • Stephen Ramsay, “Databases,” in: A Companion to Digital Humanities
  • Liu, Alan.  “Transcendental Data: Toward a Cultural History and Aesthetics of the New Encoded Discourse” and “Escaping History: The New Historicism, Databases, and Contingency” in Local Transcendence: Essays on Postmodern Historicism and the Database (2008).
  • Theodor Nelson, “A File Structure for the Complex, the Changing, and the Indeterminate”(1965), from: The New Media Reader, ed. Noah-Wardrip Fruin
  • Lee, Maurice S.  “Searching the Archive with Dickens and Hawthorne: Databases and Aesthetic Judgment after the New Historicism,” ELH 79.3 (Fall 2012): 747-771.
  • Cooper, Andrew, and Michael Simpson. “Looks Good in Practice, but Does It Work in Theory? Rebooting the Blake Archive.” Wordsworth Circle 31, no. 1 (Winter 2000): 63-68.
  • Felluga, Dino Franco. “Addressed to the NINES: The Victorian Archive and the Disappearance of the Book.” Victorian Studies 48, no. 2 (2006): 305-319.
  • Wright, Alex. 2008. Glut: Mastering Information Through the Ages. Cornell University Press.

New Forms of Criticism

Reading in the Digital Age

  • Hayles, Katherine N. “How We Read: Close, Hyper, Machine.”  ADE Bulletin.  150 (2010): 62-79.
  • Hayles, Katherine N.  “Print Is Flat, Code Is Deep: The Importance of Media-Specific Analysis.” Poetics Today 25 (1): 67–90.
  • Wardrip-Fruin, Noah. “Reading Digital Literature: Surface, Data, Interaction, and Expressive Processing.” In A Companion to Digital Literary Studies, edited by Ray Siemens and Susan Schreibman. Oxford: Blackwell, 2008.
  • Best, Stephen, and Sharon Marcus. 2009. “Surface Reading: An Introduction.” Representations 108 (1): 1–21.

Algorithmic Criticism

  • Ramsay, Stephen. “Algorithmic Criticism.” In A Companion to Digital Literary Studies, edited by Ray Siemens and Susan Schreibman. Oxford: Blackwell, 2004.
  • Ramsay, Stephen. “Toward an Algorithmic Criticism,” Literary and Linguistic Computing 18.2 (2003): 167-174.

Distant Reading

  • Selections from Moretti, Franco. Graphs, Maps, Trees: Abstract Models for A Literary History. London: Verso, 2005.
  • Franco Moretti, “Conjectures on World Literature,” New Left Review (Jan.-Feb. 2000).  Available here:
  • Clement, Tanya E. 2008. “‘A Thing Not Beginning and Not Ending’: Using Digital Tools to Distant-read Gertrude Stein’s The Making of Americans.” Literary and Linguistic Computing 23 (3): 361 –381. doi:10.1093/llc/fqn020.
  • Michel, Jean-Baptiste, Yuan Kui Shen, Aviva Presser Aiden, Adrian Veres, Matthew K. Gray, The Google Books Team, Joseph P. Pickett, et al. “Quantitative Analysis of Culture Using Millions of Digitized Books.” Science 331, no. 6014 (January 14, 2011): 176-182.

Data Mining and Big Data


The Spatial Turn

Pedagogy, Publishing, and the Profession

 Learning in a Digital Age

  • Carr, Nicholas. “Is Google Making Us Stupid?” The Atlantic, July/August 2008.
  • Selections from Davidson, Cathy N. Now You See It: How the Brain Science of Attention Will Transform the Way We Live, Work, and Learn. Penguin, 2011.
  • Brown, John Seely and Douglas Thomas, A New Culture of Learning: Cultivating the Imagination for a World of Constant Change (2011).

Authorship, Publishing, Peer Review

Public Scholarship and the Open Web

Other Texts

  • Brown, John Seely, and Duguid, Paul. The Social Life of Information. Boston: Harvard Business School Press, 2000.
  • Nicholas Carr, The Shallows: What the Internet is Doing to Our Brains (W. W. Norton, 2008)
  • James Gleick, The Information: A History, a Theory, a Flood (Pantheon, 2011)
  • Turkle, Sherry. Alone Together: Why We Expect More From Technology and Less From Each Other. New York: Basic Books, 2011.
  • Kirschenbaum, Matthew G.  Mechanisms: New Media and the Forensic Imagination. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2008.
  • Levy, David M. Scrolling Forward: Making Sense of Documents in the Digital Age. New York: Arcade, 2001.
  • Alan Liu, The Laws of Cool: Knowledge Work and the Culture of Information (Chicago, 2004)
  • Lev Manovich, The Language of New Media (What Is New Media?”, “The Interface,” and “The Forms,” from The Language of New Media)
  • Bolter, J. David. 2001. Writing Space: Computers, Hypertext, and the Remediation of Print. Taylor & Francis.



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